Heat and hydration maladies are the two main reasons people visit emergency rooms during the summer.
With summer in full swing and a heat wave blanketing the country, doctors, health care communicators—and news reporters—are encouraging people to take precautions.
Reminders include these tips:
Avoid extended periods of outdoor activities and exercise.
Check on elderly and infirm family and neighbors, especially those living without air conditioning.
Keep children (and pets) out of stifling cars and vehicles.
Use caution in slippery areas, such as poolside, boat docks and playground surfaces.
Apply sunscreen often when spending time outside.
Of course, water consumption is crucial, too.
Lisa Alexander, nurse manager at Carolinas Healthcare System Huntersville Emergency Department, said people should drink water regardless of whether they feel thirsty. “Once you feel thirsty, you are already experiencing stage one dehydration,” Alexander said.
This infographic explains how the human body functions with—and without—sufficient water.